Bugleweed (Lycopus europaeus) is a rhizomatous herb endemic to Europe and Asia and later introduced to the United States and is a member of the mint family. Often used as a substitute to mint.
The key actions include diuretic, peripheral vasoconstriction, astringent, nervine, anti-tussive. It’s used to lower thyroid gland and thus helps to relieve hyperthyroidism. It is also used to treat premenstrual pains and bleeding, nosebleeds, insomnia, breast pains and nervousness.
Bugleweed is known to reduce the body’s production of the thyroid hormone and the hormone prolactin which might be responsible for relieving breast pain and nervousness.